Tuesday, October 22, 2013

President of India Qualification

  • Must be a citizen of India
  • Completed 35 years of age
  • Eligible to be a member of Lok Sabha
  • Must not hold any government post. Exceptions are:
    1. President and Vice-President
    2. Governor of any state
    3. Minister of Union State
  • Indirectly elected through ‘Electoral College’ consisting of Elected members of both the Houses of Parliament & Elected members of the Legislative Assemblies of the States. (No nominated members)
  • Security deposit of Rs 15,000/-
  • Supreme court inquires all disputes regarding President’s Election.
  • Takes OATH in presence of Chief Justice of India, or in his absence, senior-most Judge of Supreme Court
Terms and Emoluments
  • 5 year term
  • Article 57 says that there is no upper limit on the number of times a person can become President
  • Can give resignation to Vice-President before full-term
  • Present Salary- Rs. 1,00,000/month (including allowances & emoluments)
  • Quasi-judicial procedure
  • Can be impeached only on the ground of violation of constitution
  • The impeachment procedure can be initiated in either House of the Parliament
  • In case of office falls vacant due to death, resignation or removal, the Vice-President act as President. It he is not available then Chief Justice, it not then senior-most Judge of the Supreme court shall act as the President of India
  • The election is to be held within 6 months of the vacancy
  • Appoints PM, Ministers, Chief Justice & judge of Supreme Court & High Court, Chairman & members of UPSC, Comptroller and Auditor General, Attorney General, Chief Election Commissioner and other members of Election Commission of India, Governors, Members of Finance Commission, Ambassadors, etc
  • Can summon & prorogue the sessions of the 2 houses & can dissolve Lok Sabha
  • Appoints Finance Commission (after every 5 years) that recommends distribution of taxes between Union & State governments
  • The President can promulgate 3 types of Emergencies:-
    1. National Emergency (Article 352)
    2. State Emergency (President’s Rule) (Article 356)
    3. Financial Emergency (Article 360)
  • He is the Supreme Commander of the Defence Forces of India
  • President appoints Chief of Army, Navy and Air force
  • Declares wars & concludes peace subject to the approval of the Parliament
  • No money bill or demand for grant can be introduced or moved in Parliament unless it has been recommended by the President
  • He has the power to grant pardon, reprieve or remit of punishment or commute death sentences

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