First in Science and Technology

First Hydroelectric PlantOn the Ganganachukki waterfall of the Sivasamudram Falls, Karnataka, built in 1902
First City to have electricityBanglore, in 1906 (it was in fact the first city to have electricity)
First Man in SpaceRakesh Sharma aboard Salyut 7, on April 03, 1984. He was the 138th man in space world-wide.
First Women in SpaceKalpana Chawla aboard Space Shuttle Columbia flight STS-87, on November 19,1997
She was a naturalized United States citizen, and represented the US during the event.
First Test-tube babyDurga Agarwal, born 1978
First Scienfific Expedition to Antarctica1981
First Nuclear ReactorTarapur, Maharashtra
First Genetically Modified Food Product in IndiaBt. Egg Plant Hybrid
First SatelliteAryabhatta, launched on April 19, 1975
First Satellite dedicated exclusively for educational servicesEDUSET
First Successfully Indigenous Launch VehicleSLV-3
The first person in the world to land on the moonNeil A. Armstrong and Edwin E Aldrin Jr of USA (Armstrong was the first to set foot on the moon followed by Aldrin) - July 21, 1969
First man to enter space (or the world's first cosmonaut)Yuri Gagarin (Russian)
The first returnable space shuttleColombia
The first disabled satellite repaired in spaceSolar Max
The first unmanned moon-buggy to explore surface of the moonLunokhod-I (Russia)
The first unmanned spaceship to have soft-landed and lifted off from the moon to return to earth.Luna - 16 (Russia) (Sept. 21, 1970)
The first manned space vehicle to land on the moonLunar Exploration Module (LEM) nick named "Eagle"
The first country to send men on the moonUSA
The first to launch earth satellite or "artificial baby moon"Russia
The first woman cosmonaut of the worldValentina Tereshkova (Russian)
The first person to float in spaceAlexei Lenov (Russian)
The first American astronaut (and second person in the world) to float in spaceEdward White
The first country to launch a cosmic space rocket towards moonUSSR
The first space rocket to hit the moonLunik-II
The first spaceship in the world to sample moon's crustSurveyor-3 (USA)
The first space vehicle to soft-land on MoonLuna-9 (Russia)
The first space vehicle to orbite the moonLuna-10 (Russia)
The first space-craft to leave solar systemPioneer II
The first American manned spaceship to perform crew transfer in spaceApollo-9 (USA)
The first manned spacehip to perform space flight round the moonApollo-8 (USA)

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